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EV 101 – Glossary
Home / Market Insights EV 101 – Glossary
EV 101 – Glossary
EV 101 – Glossary
MIH Consortium
Published On 2022-02-23
Views 1193

As we bring players and members from the automotive and the tech industry together, sharing the same understanding of EV terminology and technology becomes very important for our collaborative work. This guide serves as a quick reference and resource for current and future EV players.

Acronym / TermStands forIn Chinese (中文)
A/CAir Conditioning System空調系統
AAArchitecture Approval新車平台設計初步驗證完成
ABSAnti-lock Braking System防鎖死煞車系統
ACArchitecture Confirmation新車平台設計開發需求規範完成
ACCAdaptive Cruise Control 主動式車距調節巡航系統
ACCArchitecture Configure Complete動力/底盤可行性完成
ACCAdaptive Cruise Control主動車距控制巡航系統(主動巡航控制系統)
ACUAirbag Control Unit安全氣囊控制器
ACUActuator Control Unit作動器控制器
ADAlternatives Development造型主題發展
AESAuger Electron Spectroscopy歐傑電子能譜術
AFIArchitecture Framing Initiation新車平台選定 Kick Off
AFSAdaptive Front Lighting System主動式轉向頭燈
ALCAutomatic Level Control 速度感應自動音量調整
ALSAuto Leveling System(頭燈)自動水平調整系統
AMSAssembly Manual Sheet裝配作業表
APEALAutomotive Performance Execution And Layout新車魅力指數
APQPAdvanced Product Quality Planning產品品質先期規劃
APSAccessory Power Supply輔助電源
ARCArchitecture Requirements Complete平台設計開發驗證規範完成
ASSIArchitecture Statement of Strategic Intent新車平台修改策略擬定完成
ATSAll-Tooled Survey模具完成取樣
AVDPAdvanced Vehicle Development Program前期整車開發計劃
AVMAround View Mointor環景監視系統
AWDAll-Wheel Drive四輪驅動
B/MBenchmark標竿學習
BASBrake Assist System煞車輔助系統
BCMBody Control Module車身控制模組
BIWBody In White車體/白車身
BOCBill of Competitiveness競爭力分析清單
BOMBill of  Material材料清單
BOSBrake Override System煞車優先系統
BSGBelt Driven Starter Generator車用混合動力系統
BVSBird View System鳥瞰圖系統
CADComputer Aided Design電腦輔助設計
CAEComputer Aided Engineering電腦輔助工程
CAFConductive Anion Filament離子遷移
CAMComputer Aided Manufacture電腦輔助製造
CBUComplete Build-up Unit完成車進口
CCCarbon Copy副本抄送
CDSComponent Design Specification零件設計規範
CEChief Engineer首席工程師
CFDComputational Fluid Dynamic計算流體力學
CHMSLCentral High Mount Stop Lamp第三剎車燈/高位剎車燈
CIDECompartment Integration Design Engineer車艙整合設計工程師
CKDCompletely Knocked Down完全拆散的/全散件
COBClosing of Business day上班結束/下班
COPCompromise Optimization Prioritize妥協優化的優先級
COTCorrugate Tube波紋管
CPSChief Product Specialist首席產品專家
CPTConcept Product Tangible新車開發商品策略擬定完成
CRChange Request工程變更需求
CRDCustomers Requirement Documentation客戶產品功能文件
客戶需求文件
CRSChild Restraint System兒童被動安全系統
CSOContract sign-off車型開發造型仕樣凍結
CSWColumn switch方向機(外燈系統、雨刷系統)撥桿控制器
CTDComponent Technical Documentation零件技術文件
CTSComponent Technical Specification零件技術規格
CZSCrash Zone Sensor衝擊區感應器(裝置於車體前方)
DASDriver Alert System駕駛警示系統
DBRdistributed Bragg reflector分散式布拉格反射器
DCSDesign Concept Sheet設計構想書
DDSData Distribution Service資料分佈服務
DEDesigning Engineer造型設計工程人員
DFMEADesign Failure Mode and Effects Analysis設計失效模式分析
DFPDecision Fixed Point工程評估重要產出節點
DFSSDesign For Six Sigma6標準差設計
DKMDevelop kick-off Meeting開發展開會議
DQ&VDesign Quality & Validation設計品質及整車驗證
DQICDesign Quality Information Center設計品情中心
DRDesign Review設計審查
DRBFMDesign Review Based on Faliure Mode將失效模式為基礎進行之設計回顧
DREDesign Release Engineer工程設計工程師
DSCDynamic Stability Control電子車身動態穩定控制系統
DSODesign Sign Off展示模型確認完成
DTADesign Theme Alternatives造型主題發展提案
DTCDiagnostic Trouble Code診斷故障碼
DTRDealer Technical Request經銷商技術需求
DTSDimentional Tolerance Specification間隙面差規格表
e-ADElectric Axle Drive電動四輪傳動
E-WEGEnterprise Wide Executive Group決策會
EBFDElectronic Brake-Force Distribution電子煞車力道分配系統
ECEEconomic Commission for Europe歐洲經濟委員會
ECMEngine Control Module引擎控制模組
ECUElectronic Control Unit電子控制單元
ECUEngine Control Unit汽車發動機控制器
EMCElectro Magnetic Compatibility= EMI +EMS電磁相容性
EMIElectro Magnetic Inteference電磁干擾
EMSEngine Management System引擎管理系統
EOPEnd Of Production停止量產
EPBElectrical Park Brake電子駐車制動系統
EPDEngineering Plan Drawing工程計畫圖(#0、1、2)
EPLEngineering Part List工程零件清單
ESCElectronic Stability Control電子車身動態穩定控制系統
ESOEngineering Sign Off工程設計試驗完成
ESPElectronic Stability Program電子車身動態穩定控制系統
Ethernet 乙太網路
EURO
NCAP
European New Car Assessment Program歐洲新車檢驗計劃
EVSEagle View System環景影像系統
F-TryFunction Try功能驗證試裝
FCWForward Collision Warning前車碰撞系統
FEAFinite Element Analysis有限元素分析
FECUFront Electronic Control Unit繼電器控制器
FEMFinite Element Mehtod有限原素法
FESOFinal Engineering Sign Off生產模型工程評估確認及最後工程要望提出
(最終版)
FF50Full Frontal 50 km/h50公里正面撞擊
FISFunction Interaction Specification功能交互規範
FMFront Midship前中置引擎配置
FMCFirst Mule Complete第一台平台驗證車試造完成
FMEAFailure Mode Effect Analysis失效模式分析
FMVSSFederal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards美國聯邦機動車安全法規
FOHFront Over Hang汽車前懸
FRDFront Display前銀幕
FRSFunction Request Specification功能需求規範
FTAFailure Tree Analysis失效樹分析
GD&TGeometric Dimensioning & Tolerancing形狀、尺寸及組裝間隙面差驗證程序
GNSSGlobal Navigation Satellite System衛星導航系統
GPIOGeneral-purpose input/output通用型之輸入輸出
H/CHealth Check節點的完備性檢查
HANDSHaitec Automotive New Development System華創新車開發流程
HCUHybrid Control Unit複合動力控制器
HILHardware In the Loop硬體在迴路
HMIHuman Machine Interface人機介面
HUDHead-up Display抬頭顯示器
HVACHeating Ventilation Air Conditioning空調系統
ICUI-key Control Unit智慧型鑰匙控制器
ICUImmobilizer Control Unit晶片啟動控制器
IDRInitial Data Release初期工程數模發行(試作模、分析用途)
IDWSIntelligent Detection Warning System智能檢測警示系統
INTIntegration Critical Test Completed整合關鍵測試完成
IPCInter-Process Communication行程間通訊
IPEInitial Product Evaluation初期產品評價
IQSInitial Quality Study新車品質滿意度調查
ISGIntegrated Starter Geneator集成式起動發電機
ISIRInitial Sample Inspection Report初期樣品檢查報告
IVIntegration Vehicle整車試裝完成
JDPAJD Power and AssociatesJD Power研究機構
JPHJob Per Hour每小時工作量
KCUKey-less Control Unit免鑰匙控制器
KDknocked  down進口的零件
KMKnowledge Management知識管理
LCALife Cycle Average產品生命週期平均銷量需求
LDWSLane Departure Warning System行車偏移警示系統
LFSLane Following System道路追隨系統
LidarLight Detection And Ranging雷射探測與測距
LKALane Keeping Aid車道維持輔助系統
LRALaunch Readiness Assessment投產就緒審核
LTFLong Term Forecast長期預測
MBDMulti-Body Dynamics多體動力學
MCEMid-Cycle Enhancement小改型車款開發專案計劃
MDBMoving Deformable Barrier可變形移動壁障側面碰撞試驗
MFOMarketing Feature Option銷售式樣列表
MIMagnetic Induction磁感應強度
MILModel In the Loop模型在迴路
MPMass Production大量生產(自行設計部品)
MQICMarket Quality Information Center市場品情中心
MQTTMQ Telemetry TransportMQTT 協定定義了兩種網路實體:訊息代理 (message broker) 與客戶端(client)
MRMagnetic Resonance磁共振
MRDMaterial Requirement Date零件交貨日期
MRPMaterial Requirement Planning零件交貨計畫/期程
MSEMarket Segment Expectation市場區隔期待
MSSMarket Segment Specification產品企劃提案書
MVBnSManufacturing-Validation Build non-Saleable生產線驗證造車(不可銷售)
MVBSManufacturing-Validation Build Saleable生產線驗證造車(可銷售)
NAVINavigation導航
NDANon Disclosure Agreement保密協議
NFCNear Field Communication近距離無線通訊
NGNext Generation下個世代
NGNo Good不良/瑕疵
NMHCNon-Methane Hydrocarbons非甲烷碳氫化合物
NVHNoise, Vibration& Harshness震動噪音
NVSNight View System夜視系統
OAHOver All Height總車高
OALOver All Length總車長
OAWOver All Width總車寬
OBDOn-Board Diagnosis故障自己診斷裝置
OBUOn Board Unit車載單元
ODOverall Diameter外徑
ODBOffset Deformable Barrier正面40%重疊可變形壁障碰撞試驗
OGLOption General List一般選項列表
ORBOffset Rigid Barrier正面40%重疊剛性壁障碰撞試驗
OSRVMOut Side Rear View Mirror車外後視鏡
P-TryProduction Try量產試裝
PATProgram Attribute Team專案屬性團隊
PCSProduct Content Sheet商品規格書
PDIPre-Delivery Inspection交車前檢驗
PDMProgram Design Manager專案設計主擔
PDSPedestrian Detection System行人偵測系統
PDUPower Distribution Unit電源分配控制器
PEProduct Engineer工程開發工程人員
PETProgram Execution Team專案執行團隊(功能部門PM成員構成之團隊)
PIRParts Inspection Report零件檢查報告
PKOProgram kick-off專案開始(展開)
PMTProgram Management Team專案管理團隊
POPurchase Order採購訂單
POEPrice Of Entry (minimal threshold)做某件事、物的最低、必要門檻
PPAPProduction Preparation Monitoring Meeting生產準備進度確認會議
PPAPProduction Part Approval Process生產件批准程序
PPCPre- Production Check再發防止
PPEPre-Production Enhancement量產前的競爭力提昇小改型作業
PPLProduction Parts List整車零件清單
PPLProduct Profile List裝備仕樣表
PPVProduction Parts Validation供應商零件尺寸驗證
PQPerceptual Quality/Perceived Quality感性品質
PQEPerceptual Quality Evaluation感性品質評價
PQICProduction Quality Information Center製造品情中心
PQRRProgram Quality Readiness Review專案準備品質會議
PRSProduct Requirement Specification產品細部規格書
PRSPerformance Request Statement性能要求說明書
PSAPotential Supplier Assessment廠商評價
PSDPower Sliding Door電動滑門
PSIProducts Satisfaction Index產品滿意度
PSQCPre- SOP Quality Control量產前品質管控
PSSCProject Sub Sourcing Committee車型發包會議
PSWParts Summit Warranty零件提交保證書
PTGPower Tail-gate電動尾門
PTOPower Take-off Unit分動器
QFDQuality Function Deployment品質機能展開
QRDCQuick Response Delivery Control快速反應交期管理
QVCCQuality Verification Charateristic Control品質驗證特徵管理
RCPRear Control Pannel後控制面板
RDURear Differential Unit後差速器
RFIRequest For Improvement改善需求單
RFPReason For Purchase購買理由
RFQRequest For Quatation報價委託單
RFQRequirement of Quotation發估條件說明書
ROHRear Over Hang汽車後懸
ROIReturn On Investment投資報酬率
RTVRotor Thickness Variation轉子厚度變化量
SASystem Architecture系統架構
SAESociety Of Automotive Engineers美國汽車工程師協會
SDEStudio Design Engineer造型工作室專屬工程師
SDSSubsystem Design Specification子系統設計規範
SDSSystem Design Specification系統設計規範
SEGStudio Engineering Group造型工程成立性檢討
SEPSynchronized Engineering Partner同步工程廠商
SFStyling Freeze造型凍結
SILSoftware In the Loop軟體在迴路
SIRSurface Insulation Resistance表面絕緣
SKDSemi Knocked down半成品或是半拆裝的總成件
SMTSystem Management Team系統管控小組
SNPStandard Number of Parts零件的標準數量
SOPStart Of Poduction小量產開始
SORStatement of Requirements開發協議書
需求說明書
SORPStart of Regular Production正規量產開始
SPECSpecification規格
SPTTSupplier Parts Tracking Team供應商零件品質追蹤小組
SQASupplier Quality Assurance供應商品質保證
SQESupplier Quality Engineer供應商品質監查工程人員
SRSSupplementary Restraint System被動安全輔助約束系統
SSDStiffness, Strength & Durability剛性、強度及耐久
STCShip to commerce出車到經銷商
STDSingle Theme Development唯一造型主題發展方向選定
STFShort Term Forecast短期預測
STM32 STM32,是由意法半導體基於 ARM Cortex-M 研製和生產的一系列32位單片機
SUVSport Utility Vehicles多功能越野車
TCMTransmission Control Module變速箱控制模組
TCSTraction Control System循跡防滑系統
THCTtotal Hydrocarbons總碳氫化合物
ThreadX ThreadX 是由 Express Logic 公司開發的實時作業系統
TJPTraffic Jam Pilot交通拥堵自动驾驶
TPMSTire Pressure Monitoring System胎壓偵測器
TPSTest Procedure Specification測試程序書
TTFTime To Fire引爆時間
TTMTable Top Model局部模型(樹脂)間隙面差確認用
TVQASTotal Vehicle Quality Assurance System車輛質量保證體系
UARTUniversal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter通用非同步收發傳輸器
URUnsatisfatory Report不具合報告單
VAVirtual Assessment虛擬驗證
VCDVehicle Chief Designer總設計師
VCEVehicle Chief Engineer總工程師
VDPVehicle Development Program整車開發計劃
VDPVehicle Development Process整車開發程序
VDRVerified Data Release工程數模發行(正式模具開發用途)
VDSVehicle Description Summary整車商品規格書(技術規範、諸元…)
VESVehicle Evaluation System汽車評價系統
VINVechicle Indentification Number成車識別碼
VLDVehicle Line Director功能部門高階
VLEVehicle Line Executive整車開發專案管理總監
VNRVehicle Network Recorder車輛網路記錄器
VoCVoice of Customer顧客心聲
VOCVolatile Organic Compound揮發性有機化合物
VPCVehicle Program Conception車型開發計劃目標確認
VPIVehicle Performance Integration車輛性能整合
VRVirtual Reality虛擬實境
VTVinyl Tube乙烯管
VTPSVehicle Test Procedure Specification整車測試程序書
VTSVehicle Technical Specification整車工程規格書
WBWheel Base軸距
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